Instead, the American Council on Exercise has focused in on the topics and level of expertise that aspiring fitness professionals need to successfully launch their careers. Term Venules Definition Small divisions of veins. Create your own flash cards! Dietary sources include sugars simple and grains, rice, potatoes, and beans complex. Expert consultants are available via e-mail at , on or by phone at the number below Monday-Friday, 5 a. Term Pulmonary circuit Definition The circulatory vessels of the lungs; involved in the circulation of blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs and back to the left atruim of the heart. Term Alveoli Definition Spherical extensions of the respiratory bronchioles and the primary sites of gas exchange with the blood.
Term Plasma Definition The liquid portion of the blood. It is not meant to serve as a comprehensive resource of exercise science information, but instead serves as a text of core content universal to all fitness professionals. Term Mediastinum Definition The portion of the thoracic cavity between the lungs. Term Epithelial Tissue Definition Tissue that covers the surface of the body and lines the body cavities, ducts, and vessels. Carbohydrate is stored as glycogen in the muscles and liver and is transported in the blood as glucose.
Term Capillaries Definition The smallest blood vessels that supply blood to the tissues, and the site of all gas and nutrient exchange in the cardiovascular system. Term Systemic circuit Definition The circulatory vessels of the body. As arteries lead away from the heart they branch to form a tree of smaller, microscopic vessels called arterioles. Term Arteriosclerosis Definition A chronic disease in which thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls result in impaired blood circulation; develops with aging, and in hypertenision, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and other conditions. Term Digestion Definition The process of breaking down food into small enough units for absorption. Term Expiration Definition The act of expelling air from the lungs; exhalation.
The text, which many professionals use as an on-the-job resource throughout their careers, covers human anatomy, exercise physiology, the fundamentals of applied kinesiology, nutrition basics and the physiology of training. Term Epiglottis Definition The cartilage in the throat that guards the entrance to the trachea and prevents fluid of food from entering it during the act of swallowing. Sign up to receive emails about special offers, promotions, exclusive product information and news. Term Amino acids Definition Nitrogen-containing compounds that are the building blocks of proteins. Term Connective Tissues Definition The tissue that binds together and supports various structures of the body.
Term Inspiration Definition The drawing of air into the lungs; inhalation. Term Hormone s Definition A chemical substance produced by an endocrine gland and transported through the blood to a target organ. As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. Term Peristalsis Definition The process by which muscles in the esophagus and intestines push food through the gastrointestinal tract in wave-like motion. Cards Term Anatomical Position Definition Standing erect with head, eyes, palms, and feet facing forward. Term Aorta Definition The major artery of the cardiovascular system; arises from the left ventricle of the heart. Term Veins Definition Blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood toward the heart from vital organs and the extremities.
Eventually arterioles develop into beds of much smaller structures called capillaries. Term Absorption Definition The uptake of nutrients across tissue or membrane by the gastrointestinal tract. Term Platelet Definition One of the disc-shaped components of the blood; involved in clotting. Essentials Of Exercise Science Review Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Essentials Of Exercise Science Review. Term Cardiac cycle Definition The period from the beginning of one heartbeat to the beginning of the next heartbeat; the systolic and diastolic phases and interval in between.
Term Bronchi Definition The two large branches of the trachea leading into the lungs. Once you find your worksheet, click on pop-out icon or print icon to worksheet to print or download. However, the hamstrings use the calf as a synergist so you want to also relax the hamstrings by contracting the quadricep i. Term Trachea Definition The cartilaginous and membranous tube extending from the larynx to the bronchi; windpipe. Term Chyme Definition The semiliquid mass of partially digested food expelled from the stomach into the duodenum. .
In a dynamic stretching routine, low-grade muscle contractions of the antagonist muscle can reduce tonicity in the agonist muscle allowing that muscle to be more easily stretched. Term Bolus Definition A food and saliva digestive mix that is swallowed and then moved through the digestive tract. These sciences include Human Anatomy, Exercise Physiology, Applied Kinesiology, Nutrition and Physiology of Training. Term Bronchioles Definition The smallest tubes that supply air to the alveoli air sacs of the lungs. Worksheet will open in a new window. Term Carbohydrates Definition The body's preferred energy source. Term Arterioles Definition Small-diameter blood vessels that extend and branch out from an artery and lead to capillaries; the primary site of vascular resistance.
Term Cardiac sphincter Definition Sits at the upper portion of the stomach; prevents foods and stomach acid from splashing back into the esophagus from the stomach; also called the esophageal sphincter. Term Chemical digestion Definition A form of digestion that involves the addition of enzymes that break down nutrients. An introduction to the core sciences specifically tailored to the practice of being a fitness professional. Term Systole Definition The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle. Term Lymphatic systems Definition A network of lymphoid organs, lymph nodes, lymph ducts, lymphatic tissues, lymph capillaries, and lymph vessels that produces and transports lymph fluid from tissues to the circulatory system. Term Pharynx Definition The muscluar, membranous tube extending from the base of the skull to the esophagus.