This was 60 years before Martin Luther began his reformation and 100 years before the establishment of the Anglican Church. They were the first Protestant Church in Christendom to undertake the conversion of the heathen. He was authorized by the King of Denmark to baptize and perform all sacerdotal functions. Dost thou believe that thou art by nature a lost and undone creature? What right, said they, had a man to baptize who had been ordained in this irregular manner? The University students picked up the gauntlet. Hus had the faith in himself; Hus was instructed by God; and all that these ravens did for Hus was to flock together against him. The last man was a model missionary.
The name Moravian identifies the fact that this historic church had its origin in ancient Bohemia and Moravia in what is the present-day Czech Republic. They were the aristocrats of the movement; they were led by the University dons; they were political rather than religious in their aims; they regarded Hus as a patriot; and, on the whole, they did not care much for moral and spiritual reforms. They had tried to make German the language of the court, had spoken with contempt of the Bohemian language, and had said that it was only fit for slaves. It is admitted now by all historians--Catholic and Protestant alike--that about the time when our story opens the Church in Bohemia had lost her hold upon the affections of the people. But this black-and-white policy could not last for ever. They carried bundles on their backs.
They seize the offices of state, and we are dumb. The first Moravian missionaries were a potter named Leonard Dober and a carpenter named , who went to the Caribbean island of in 1732. They held bigoted views about predestination. For the sake of the poor he renounced his position as Canon, and devoted himself entirely to good works. Again the effect was electric.
As the Lot which decided that Dober should go had also decided that his friend Leupold should stay, he now chose as his travelling companion the carpenter, David Nitschmann. At home and abroad it was just the same. Therefore, manfully cry out: At them! The idea of Hus was different. In Greenland Egede had failed. The priest, old Michael, was cast into a dungeon; four leading Brethren were burned alive; the peaceful home in Kunwald was broken; and the Brethren fled to the woods and mountains. He taught that education began in the earliest days of childhood and continued throughout life.
He believed in the redemptive value of the death of Christ. For twelve months he had now to stay in Amsterdam, first to learn the Dutch language, and secondly to pass an examination in orthodox theology. The Count read the letter to the congregation, but kept their names a secret. During the — , which devastated not only the but the whole of , the Brethren's Church was targeted by local counter-reformation nobles, and persecuted severely in its geographical homeland. Hymnal and Liturgies of the Moravian Church contains nearly 1,000 hymns celebrating the Moravian tradition. Their later history has been marked by evangelical sincerity and missionary devotion unsurpassed in modern times, and almost apostolic. Of those promises only the first was ever fulfilled.
He would be as useful as a dumb dog, who cannot bark, to a flock of sheep. As a matter of fact, white slavery was not allowed in any of the West Indian islands. In the centuries that followed, Bohemia and Moravia gradually fell under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of Rome, but some of the Czech people protested. He advocated the formal education of women, an idea which was unheard of in his day. All soldiers are violent men, murderers, a godless mob! They degraded marriage by preaching the doctrine that it was less holy than celibacy. Hus was accused of heresy, underwent a long trial at the Council of Constance, and was burned at the stake on July 6, 1415. As John Beck, one balmy evening in June, was discoursing on things Divine to a group of Eskimos, it suddenly flashed upon his mind that, instead of preaching dogmatic theology he would read them an extract from the translation of the Gospels he was now preparing.
The Welter, 1415-1434 The excitement in Bohemia was intense. He had studied theology at Jena and Halle; he was a master of the Hebrew tongue; he was expert in all customs of the Jews; he was offered a professorship at Königsberg; and yet, instead of winning his laurels as an Oriental scholar, he preferred to settle down in humble style in the Jewish quarter of Amsterdam, and there talk to his friends the Jews about the Christ he loved so deeply. Overview Spanning the vast history of the Moravian Church, A History of the Moravian Church begins in 1415 with the execution of John Huss, covers the revival of the church under Zinzendorf in the 1700s, and shows the progress and growth of the Moravian Church up to the twentieth century. In 1582 they forced closure of local Protestant schools. For the first time in the history of Protestant Europe a congregation of orthodox Christians had deliberately resolved to undertake the task of preaching the Gospel to the heathen.
After an unsuccessful attempt to establish a Moravian settlement near Savannah, Georgia 1735-1740 , the Moravians settled in Pennsylvania on the estate of George Whitefield. Not one of the jangling sects was in the right. This group held to a strict obedience to the Sermon on the Mount, which included non-swearing of oaths, non-resistance, and not accumulating wealth. He was rather a champion of the rights of the poor, and an apostle of the simple life. Count Zinzendorf Moravians in America The Moravians first came to America during the colonial period. He had often given them information about the Waldensian line of Bishops.